College of Science and Health > Faculty & Staff > Faculty A-Z > Sandra Virtue

Sandra Virtue

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  • Professor; Associate Director Neuroscience Program; Director of Online Learning CSH
  • Psychology; Neuroscience; Psychological Science
  • (773) 325-4136
  • ​​​Byrne Hall, Room 563​​​ 

University of Minnesota, 2003

Major Areas of Interest
  • Neural activity during reading
  • The role of the hemispheres on the brain and language
  • Inference generation during text comprehension
  • Neural activity during discourse comprehension
  • Hemispheric processing of language
  • Individual differences
  • The role of text difficulty
  • Bridging and predictive inferences
  • Spatial representations during reading
Representative Sample of Publications

Virtue, S., Schutzenhofer, M., & Tomkins, B. (2016). Hemispheric processing of predictive inferences during reading: The influence of negatively emotional valenced stimuli. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain, and Cognition, 1-18.

Virtue, S., & Motyka Joss, L. (2016). Hemispheric processing of predictive inferences: The influence of reading goals and textual constraint. Cognitive Neuroscience, 1-9.

Virtue, S., & Sundermeier, B. (2016). What can neuroimaging research tell us about inference generation during text comprehension? Language and Linguistics Compass, 10 (6), 257-271.

Briner, S., & Virtue, S. (2014). Hemispheric processing of idioms: The influence of familiarity and ambiguity. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 28, 1-18.

Briner, S., Virtue, S., Schutzenhofer, M. (2014). Hemispheric processing of mental representations during text comprehension: Evidence for inhibition of inconsistent shape information. Neuorpsychologia, 61, 96-104.

Virtue, S., & Motyka Joss, L. (2012). The hemispheric processing of inferences during text comprehension: The role of semantic information and task difficulty.Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain, and Cognition, 17, (5), 549-564.

Briner, S., Virtue, S., & Kurby, C. (2012). Processing causality in narrative events: Temporal order matters. Discourse Processes, 49, 61-77. Discourse Processes, 49, 61-77.  

Briner, S., Motyka Joss, L., & Virtue, S. (2011). Hemispheric processing of sarcastic text. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24, 466-475.

Vance, K., & Virtue, S. (2011). Metaphoric advertisement comprehension: The role of the cerebral hemispheres. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 10, 41-50.

Vance, K., & Virtue, S. (2011). Brand familiarity in advertisement slogans: The role of the left and right cerebral hemispheres. International Journal of Marketing Studies, 3, 42-55.

Virtue, S., & Czarlinski, J. (2010). Hemispheric differences for enhancement and suppression mechanisms during story comprehension.Cognitive Neuroscience, 1(2), 89-95.

Motyka Joss, L., & Virtue, S. (2010). Hemispheric processing in bilinguals: The role of shared meanings across languages and sentential constraint. Cognitive Neuroscience, 1 (1), 26-32.

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